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Title: A study of the fine structure of the accessory muscle of the horseshoe crab, Tachypleus gigas
Authors: Wong, YC;Hwang, JC
Year: 1975
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at
United States
Description: The accessory muscle of the walking leg of the horseshoe crab, Tachypleus gigas, was examined electron microscopically. The muscle fibers vary in size but are small in diameter, when compared with other arthropod skeletal muscles. They are striated with A, I, Z and poorly defined H bands. The sarcomere length ranges from 3-10 μm with most sarcomeres in the range of about 6 μm. The myofilaments are arranged in lamellae in larger fibers and less well organized in the smaller ones. Each thick filament is surrounded by 9-12 thin filaments which overlap. The SR is sparse but well organized to form a fenestrated collar around the fibrils. Individual SR tubules are also seen among the myofibrils. Long transverse tubules extend inward from the sarcolemma to form dyads or triads with the SR at the A-I junction. Both dyads and triads coexist in a single muscle fiber, a feature believed to have evolutionary significance. The neuromuscular relationship is unique. In the region of synaptic contact, the sarcolemma is usually elevated to form a large club shaped structure containing no myofilaments and few other organelles. The axons or axon terminals and glial elements penetrate deep into the club shaped sarcoplasm and form synapses with the fiber. As many as 13 terminals have been observed within a single section. Synaptic vesicles of two types are found in the axon terminals.
Standard no: Journal Of Morphology, 1975, v. 147 n. 4, p. 439-457
Appears in Collections:Department of Anatomy

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