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|Title:||A study by light and scanning electron microscopy of the lining epithelium of the guinea pig bladder following artificial ulceration|
|Authors:||Wong, YC;Martin, BF|
|Description:||Following artificial ulceration of the guinea pig bladder epithelium, light microscopic study showed that mitotic activity occurs within 24 hr in the basal layer of the remaining epithelium, which leads to thickening, disorganization and cell shedding. At the ulcer margin, the epithelium forms a rolled edge, from the extremity of which a two-layered sheet of flat cells grows over the edematous ulcer bed, and the ulcer site is protected during dilation of the bladder by localized muscle spasm. Healing is effected within about 1 wk, as the mitotic activity declines. Organization of the new epithelium commences at the periphery and the cells acquire glycogen and alkaline phosphatase. Study by SEM, which included normal bladders, confirmed that new epithelium spreads from a rolled epithelial edge, and also showed that cells undergoing rejection have globular profiles with surface microvilli. The immature epithelial cells are markedly distorted from mutual pressure during migration and their surfaces show only short microvilli. Ulcers heal after 4 to 7 days, depending on size, and the new cells rapidly assume the pentagonal and hexagonal outlines and the reticular pattern of surface ridges, characteristic of mature surface cells. The ridges apparently develop by fusion of rows of microvilli. By the tenth day it is difficult to identify the original ulcer site.|
|Standard no:||American Journal Of Anatomy, 1977, v. 150 n. 2, p. 219-235|
|Appears in Collections:||Department of Anatomy|
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