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|Title:||COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE DISCORDANCE BETWEEN THE GLOBAL TRANSCRIPTIONAL AND PROTEOMIC RESPONSE OF THE YEAST SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE TO DELETION OF THE F-BOX PROTEIN, GRR1|
|Authors:||Goebl, Mark, 1958-;Roach, Peter J.;Clemmer, David E.;Wang, Mu;Chen, Jake;Heyen, Joshua William|
|subject:||Genetics;Proteomics;Quantitative;Global;Ubiquitin;Grr1;Saccharomyces cerevisiae;Proteomics;Genetic transcription;Ubiquitin;Proteins;Genetics|
|Description:||Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI)|
The Grr1 (Glucose Repression Resistant) protein in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is an F-box protein for the E3 ubiquitin ligase protein complex known as the SCFGrr1 (Skp, Cullin, F-box). F-box proteins serve as substrate receptors for this complex and in this capacity Grr1 serves to promote the ubiquitylation and subsequent proteasomal degradation of a number of intracellular protein substrates. Substrates of SCFGrr1 include the G1-S phase cyclins, Cln1 and Cln2, the Cdc42 effectors and cell polarity proteins, Gic1 and Gic2, the FCH-bar domain protein, Hof1, required for cytokinesis, the meiosis activating serine/threonine protein kinase, Ime2, the transcriptional regulators of glucose transporters, Mth1 and Std1, and the mitochondrial retrograde response inhibitor Mks1. Stabilization of these substrates lead to pleiotrophic phenotypic defects in grr1Δ strains including resistance to glucose repression, accumulation of grr1Δ cells in G2 and M phase of the cell cycle, sensitivity to osmotic stress, and resistance to divalent cations. However, many of these phenotypes are not reflected at the gene expression level. We conducted a quantitative genomic vii and proteomic comparison of 914 loci in a grr1Δ and wild-type strain grown to early log-phase in glucose media. These loci encompassed 16.7% of the Saccharomyces proteome of which 22.3% exhibited discordance between gene and protein expression. GO process enrichment analysis revealed that discordant loci were enriched in the processes of “trafficking”, “mitosis”, and “carbon/energy” metabolism. Here we show that these instances of discordance are biologically relevant and in fact reflect phenotypes of grr1Δ strains not evident at the transcriptional level. Additionally, through combined biochemical and network analysis of discordant loci among “carbon and energy metabolism” we were able to not only construct a model for central carbon metabolism in grr1Δ strains but also were able to elucidate a novel molecular event that may serve to regulate glucose repression of genes needed for respiration in response to changes in glucose concentration.
|Appears in Collections:||Theses, Dissertations, and Doctoral Papers|
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