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Title: Filter Paper Blood Spot Enzyme Linked Immunoassay for Insulin and Application in the Evaluation of Determinants of Child Insulin Resistance
Authors: Martin, Richard M.;Patel, Rita;Zinovik, Alexander;Kramer, Michael S.;Oken, Emily;Vilchuck, Konstantin;Bogdanovich, Natalia;Sergeichick, Natalia;Gunnarsson, Robert;Grufman, Lisa;Foo, Ying;Gusina, Nina
subject: Biology;Anatomy and Physiology;Endocrine System;Endocrine Physiology;Insulin;Immunology;Immunologic Techniques;Immunoassays;Population Biology;Epidemiology;Epidemiological Methods;Life Course Epidemiology;Medicine;Diagnostic Medicine;Test Evaluation;Biomarker Epidemiology;Cardiovascular Disease Epidemiology;Molecular Epidemiology;Pediatric Epidemiology;Survey Methods
Year: 2012
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Description: Background: In large-scale epidemiology, bloodspot sampling by fingerstick onto filter paper has many advantages, including ease and low costs of collection, processing and transport. We describe the development of an enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) for quantifying insulin from dried blood spots and demonstrate its application in a large trial. Methods: We adapted an existing commercial kit (Mercodia Human Insulin ELISA, 10-1113-01) to quantify insulin from two 3-mm diameter discs (≈6 µL of blood) punched from whole blood standards and from trial samples. Paediatricians collected dried blood spots in a follow-up of 13,879 fasted children aged 11.5 years (interquartile range 11.3–11.8 years) from 31 trial sites across Belarus. We quantified bloodspot insulin levels and examined their distribution by demography and anthropometry. Results: Mean intra-assay (n = 157) coefficients of variation were 15% and 6% for ‘low’ (6.7 mU/L) and ‘high’ (23.1 mU/L) values, respectively; the respective inter-assay values (n = 33) were 23% and 11%. The intraclass correlation coefficient between 50 paired whole bloodspot versus serum samples, collected simultaneously, was 0.90 (95% confidence interval 0.85 to 0.95). Bloodspot insulin was stable for at least 31 months at −80°C, for one week at +30°C and following four freeze-thaw cycles. Paediatricians collected a median of 8 blood spots from 13,487 (97%) children. The geometric mean insulin (log standard deviation) concentrations amongst 12,812 children were 3.0 mU/L (1.1) in boys and 4.0 mU/L (1.0) in girls and were positively associated with pubertal stage, measures of central and peripheral adiposity, height and fasting glucose. Conclusions: Our simple and convenient bloodspot assay is suitable for the measurement of insulin in very small volumes of blood collected on filter paper cards and can be applied to large-scale epidemiology studies of the early-life determinants of circulating insulin.
Standard no: Martin, Richard M., Rita Patel, Alexander Zinovik, Michael S. Kramer, Emily Oken, Konstantin Vilchuck, Natalia Bogdanovich, et al. 2012. Filter paper blood spot enzyme linked immunoassay for insulin and application in the evaluation of determinants of child insulin resistance. PLoS ONE 7(10): e46752.
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