Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dl.umsu.ac.ir/handle/Hannan/27296
Title: Digital Surveillance: A Novel Approach to Monitoring the Illegal Wildlife Trade
Authors: Sonricker Hansen, Amy L.;Joly, Damien;Mekaru, Sumiko;Li, Annie;Brownstein, John Samuel
subject: Biology;Computational Biology;Ecology;Conservation Science;Environmental Protection;Computer Science;Computer Applications;Web-Based Applications;Medicine;Infectious Diseases;Zoonoses;Veterinary Science;Animal Types;Wildlife;Veterinary Diseases;Zoonotic Diseases;Veterinary Epidemiology
Year: 2012
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Description: A dearth of information obscures the true scale of the global illegal trade in wildlife. Herein, we introduce an automated web crawling surveillance system developed to monitor reports on illegally traded wildlife. A resource for enforcement officials as well as the general public, the freely available website, http://www.healthmap.org/wildlifetrade, provides a customizable visualization of worldwide reports on interceptions of illegally traded wildlife and wildlife products. From August 1, 2010 to July 31, 2011, publicly available English language illegal wildlife trade reports from official and unofficial sources were collected and categorized by location and species involved. During this interval, 858 illegal wildlife trade reports were collected from 89 countries. Countries with the highest number of reports included India (n = 146, 15.6%), the United States (n = 143, 15.3%), South Africa (n = 75, 8.0%), China (n = 41, 4.4%), and Vietnam (n = 37, 4.0%). Species reported as traded or poached included elephants (n = 107, 12.5%), rhinoceros (n = 103, 12.0%), tigers (n = 68, 7.9%), leopards (n = 54, 6.3%), and pangolins (n = 45, 5.2%). The use of unofficial data sources, such as online news sites and social networks, to collect information on international wildlife trade augments traditional approaches drawing on official reporting and presents a novel source of intelligence with which to monitor and collect news in support of enforcement against this threat to wildlife conservation worldwide.
URI: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3517447/pdf/
http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:10579259
Standard no: Sonricker Hansen, Amy L., Annie Li, Damien Joly, Sumiko Mekaru, and John Samuel Brownstein. 2012. Digital surveillance: A novel approach to monitoring the illegal wildlife trade. PLoS ONE 7(12): e51156.
1932-6203
Appears in Collections:HMS Scholarly Articles

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