Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dl.umsu.ac.ir/handle/Hannan/66354
Title: Routine Use of an Antenatal Infection Screen-and-Treat Program to Prevent Preterm Birth: Long-Term Experience at a Tertiary Referral Center
Authors: Alex Farr;Herbert Kiss;Michael Hagmann
Year: 2015
Abstract: ABSTRACT: Background: Vaginal infection in early pregnancy is associated with preterm birth. This study evaluates long-term results after integrating an antenatal screen-and-treat program for asymptomatic vaginal infections into routine pregnancy care. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed data of all women with singleton high-risk pregnancies delivering at our tertiary referral center between 2005 and 2014. The intervention group included women who presented for a prenatal visit for a planned birth between 10 + 0 and 16 + 0 gestational weeks. Women were routinely screened for asymptomatic infections using Gram stain. In cases of bacterial vaginosis, candidiasis or trichomoniasis, women were treated according to our clinical protocol. The control group included women who did not undergo the program. Prenatal care was equal in both groups. Preterm birth served as the primary outcome variable. Results: Of the 20,052 women with singleton pregnancies, 8,490 (42.3%) participated in the antenatal prevention program. The mean gestational age at birth was 38.8 2.6 weeks and 37.5 4.3 weeks in the intervention and control groups, respectively (p < 0.001). The incidence of preterm birth was significantly lower in the intervention group than in the control group (9.7% vs 22.3%; p < 0.001). Low-birthweight neonates, stillbirths, and late miscarriages were less frequent in the intervention group (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Long-term results support the use of an antenatal infection screen-and-treat program to prevent preterm birth. If integrated into routine pregnancy care at a high-risk obstetrical setting, this simple public health intervention could lead to a significant reduction in preterm birth, low infant birthweight, and adverse pregnancy outcomes. (BIRTH 42:2 June 2015) Key words: preterm birth, prevention, screening, vaginal infection, vaginosis Alex Farr is a resident physician in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Obstetrics and Fetomaternal Medicine at the Medical University Vienna, Vienna, Austria; Herbert Kiss is an Associate Professor in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Obstetrics and Fetomaternal Medicine at the Medical University Vienna, Vienna, Austria; Julian Marschalek is a resident physician in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Obstetrics and Fetomaternal Medicine at the Medical University Vienna, Vienna, Austria; Peter Husslein is Professor and Director of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Obstetrics and Fetomaternal Medicine at the Medical University Vienna, Vienna, Austria; Ljubomir Petricevic is an Assistant Professor in Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Obstetrics and Fetomaternal Medicine at the Medical University Vienna, Vienna, Austria; Michael Hagmann is a statistician in the Section for Medical
URI: http://dl.umsu.ac.ir/handle/Hannan/66354
Appears in Collections:Birth 2015

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